Salwar Kurta is the most popular, comfortable, convenient and widely worn
dress in India. It is popular among women in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh
and often worn in Afghanistan. Some versions are sometimes called a Punjabi
suit, after the Indus valley area called the Punjab. In India, this was
traditionally a Punjabi dress for women
, but is now worn almost everywhere by
all Indian women. Punjabi suits or salwar kurta define the latest trend in
Indian fashion garment.
What is a Salwar Kurta or a Salwar Kameez?
A salwar kurta has 3 parts in its creations:
- Salwar: Salwars are loose pajama-like trousers. The legs are
wide at the top, and narrow at the bottom. The legs are pleated or
gathered into a waistband with a drawstring. In salwars, the legs are
wide which tapers slightly towards the ankles. Traditional Salwar is
very comfortable to wear and has lot of space for legs movement.
- Kurta: The kameez or the kurta is a knee-length flowing
shirt or tunic worn over a salwar or churidar. The side seams are left
open below the navel, which gives the wearer greater freedom of
movement. The tailor's taste and skill are usually displayed in the
shape of the neckline and the decoration of the kurta. Traditionally,
the kurtas were knee length. But today, short kurtas are also available.
- Dupatta: A dupatta generally completes the ensemble. When
women wear the salwar kameez, they usually wear a long scarf or shawl
called a dupatta around the head or neck. In ancient time women used to
put cloth on their heads for cultural, religious and practical reasons.
Gradually this became a part of fashion as well. Today, the dupatta is a
stylish accessory that can be worn over one shoulder or draped around
the chest and over both shoulders.
- Lizi Bizi
- Organza and several other fabrics
Styles of salwar kurta varies from simple to complex in respect of all
material, design, durability, quality, look and feel etc. The designs on
salwar kurtas are many and varied.
These are available in an array of colors, styles and patterns. They can be
plain, printed and embroidered. The styles are in conservative styling as
well as Indo Western styles. These sets may have embroidery work in silk
thread or a combination of bead work and zardosi, sequins, patch work, etc.
Traditional Kurta is generally long with full sleeves, half sleeves or
sleeveless and is mostly up to knee length and can be more than this also.
As the creation took place in modern era, the meaning, style and shape of
Kurta or Kameez has changed. Short Kameez, Kurti upto hips, are popular
these days. The quality and designs vary from a simple one to designer's
creation. The choice is endless. You can choose any style and length for
sleeves as well-whether short, long, or sleeveless. Various designs are
available for necklines for the Kurta as well which can give a different
look to the same salwar kurta.